is by far the most widely used treatment for bladder cancer.
It is used for all types and stages of bladder cancer. Several
different types of surgery are used. Which type is used in
any situation depends largely on the stage of the tumour.
Many surgical procedures are available today and they can
be difficult to perform.
outcomes are best achieved by those who perform many of these
surgeries per year.
of surgery are as follows:
Resection of Bladder Tumour - TURBT
operation, an instrument (resectoscope) is inserted through
the urethra and into the bladder. A small wire loop on the
end of the instrument then removes the tumor by cutting it
or burning it with electrical current (fulguration). This
is usually performed for superficial cancers that are
limited in area and are not believed to have invaded deeply
into the bladder wall.
cystectomy: In this operation, the entire bladder is removed,
as well as its surrounding lymph nodes and other structures
that may contain cancer. This is usually performed for
cancers that have invaded through the bladder wall or for
superficial cancers that extend over much of the bladder.
Occasionally, the bladder is removed to relieve severe urinary
here to know more about laparoscopic cystectomy (keyhole surgery)
here to know more about cystectomy in a male patient
here to know more about cystectomy in a female patient
here to know more about bladder reconstruction